General information about Albania


Healthcare, security, Czech Embassy, people, public transport and more

General information about Albania


Basic health care: Albania has a public health care system that provides basic medical care and hospitalization. Patients have the right to free medical care under this system.

Healthcare facilities: most healthcare facilities in Albania are public. Larger cities have hospitals and clinics, but facilities and standards can be inferior in places to those in Western countries. Private hospitals and clinics are also now available and may offer higher standards of care for a fee.

Doctors and staff: doctors and medical staff in Albania are qualified and most speak Albanian. However, in some of the larger cities you may find doctors and staff who speak English or other world languages.

Medicines and pharmacies:Medicines are available in pharmacies, which are common in towns and larger cities. Most of the usual medicines are available, but it may be helpful to have prescribed medicines with you if you have specific medical needs.

Travel Insurance: it is recommended that you have travel insurance to cover medical care abroad. This will provide you with financial protection in the event that you need treatment or hospitalisation in Albania.

Emergencies: for emergencies in Albania, call the emergency line 127 for medical assistance. Remember that the health system and conditions may vary in different areas of Albania. When travelling to the country, always check the current health conditions and recommendations from government and international health organisations.



National Police: In Albania, the National Police is responsible for maintaining public order, enforcing the law and ensuring the safety of citizens. They have a network of stations and offices in different cities and regions.

Emergency lines:For emergency situations, call the emergency line 112, which is used to call the police, medical assistance or firefighters. In Albania, you can also call 129 directly for police assistance.

Security Zones:

Most tourist areas in Albania are considered safe, but be aware that in some rural and remote areas the security situation may be less stable. Always follow the latest travel advisories and safety information. Be vigilant and keep valuable items safe.

Travel insurance: before travelling to Albania, consider taking out travel insurance to cover you in case of health problems or theft. Keep copies of important documents with you, including your passport. It is important to be cautious and prepared for a variety of situations, but most tourists experience a safe and enjoyable visit to Albania. Remember that local people are usually friendly and helpful, which can contribute to a positive experience during your trip.



Contact the Czech Embassy in Albania:

- Address: Rruga Sami Frashëri, Nr. 11, 1001 Tirana, Albania

- Telephone: +355 4 227 4942

- E-mail:

Consular Services:The Czech Embassy in Albania provides consular services, including the issuance of passports, notarial services and other consular documents. If you require specific services, please contact the Embassy in advance to make an appointment.

Consular advice: the Czech Embassy in Albania can provide consular advice and assistance to Czech citizens in case of emergency situations, loss of passport, medical or legal problems.

Travel Advice:Before travelling to Albania, it is recommended to check the current travel advice and recommendations that the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs can provide on its website.

Loss of documents: in case of loss of Czech documents (passport, visa, etc.) in Albania, contact the Czech Embassy as soon as possible. Also keep backup copies of important documents.

Other Services.



Language. Although you may find some local people who speak English, especially in tourist areas, knowing basic Albanian can be useful to improve communication and show respect for the local culture.

Hospitality: Albanians are known for their hospitality and warmth. If you are invited to visit a household, it is often considered an honour. Honor this hospitality and be courteous to your hosts.



Public transport in Albania consists of buses, minibuses (called "furgons"), trains and boats (if travelling between islands or across the sea).

Bus transport: buses are the most common mode of transport between cities and regions. There are several bus companies that operate routes between the main cities and smaller towns. Timetables can be irregular, so check current times and routes.

Minibuses (Furgons):Minibuses, also known as "furgons," are a common mode of transport, especially for shorter routes and to smaller communities. They are usually cheaper than buses, but can be crowded and uncomfortable.

Trains: The train network in Albania is limited, but trains are available on certain routes, including connections between the capital Tirana and other cities. Timetables and track conditions can be variable.

Boat transport:

If you plan to travel between islands or across the sea, there are ferries and boats that will transport you. Popular routes include ferries between the port of Durrës and the Italian cities of Bari or Ancona.

Timetables and Tickets.

Fees: Compared to some western countries, public transport in Albania is usually cheap. Prices can vary depending on the route and type of transport.

Timetables and Information:There is no single information system for public transport in Albania, so it is a good idea to prepare well before travelling, find out current timetables and specific route information.

Taxi: Taxi services are available in cities and can be a convenient mode of transport.



Albanian cuisine: Albanian cuisine is rich in flavours and traditions.

Olive and olive oil: Albania has a long tradition of olive cultivation and olive oil production. Albanian olive oil is prized for its quality and is often used in the kitchen for cooking and salads.

Types of Mixed Salads: Albanian cuisine is known for its delicious mixed salads, which often include tomatoes, cucumbers, onions, olives and feta cheese. The most common is the so-called "Chopped Salad," similar to a Greek salad.

Byrek: Byrek is a traditional Albanian dish similar to burek, which is a stuffed pastry. It can be stuffed with meat, cheese, spinach or other ingredients. It is often available on the streets in the form of various snacks.

Tave Kosi: Tave Kosi is the national dish of Albania, which includes lamb roasted in a yogurt sauce with eggs and rice. It is a rich and tasty dish.

Qofte: Qofte are Albanian meatballs that can be made from beef, pork or poultry. They are usually mixed with onions and spices and fried.

Raki: Raki is a traditional Albanian alcoholic drink similar to moonshine. It is often served as an aperitif or after a meal as a traditional way of celebration.

Lamb Meat: Lamb meat, especially lamb, is a common dish in Albania and is often used in the preparation of grilled dishes.

Markets and Restaurants: Albanian markets are a great place to sample local produce and dishes. Restaurants in Albania offer a wide variety of local and international dishes. Albanian cuisine is varied and includes many regional specialties. Don't be afraid to sample local dishes and explore the country's rich gastronomic tradition.



Currency: the official currency in Albania is the Albanian lek (ALL). Keep in mind that Euros will also be accepted in some tourist areas, but for a better exchange rate it is preferable to use the local currency.

Accommodation: the cost of accommodation in Albania can vary greatly depending on location and standard. Most price ranges are available, from budget hostels to luxury hotels. Prices can rise during the summer season and in tourist areas.

Food: Food in restaurants and cafes is usually affordable, especially compared to Western countries. The price of a meal in a restaurant varies according to the type of restaurant and location. Traditional Albanian street food and local businesses tend to be cheaper.

Public transport: public transport, such as buses and trains, is also affordable. Fares for short distances tend to be cheap, but longer distances can be more expensive.

Shopping at markets: Albania's markets are a great place to buy local fruit, vegetables, souvenirs and other goods. Prices at the markets can be very low, but keep in mind that price haggling is common.

Mobile phones: prices for mobile services and SIM cards in Albania tend to be reasonable, and you can easily purchase a local SIM card for access to data and calls.

Healthcare: Healthcare services can be cheap compared to Western countries, but it is recommended to have travel insurance to cover medical costs.

Albania is usually considered an affordable destination for travelers with different budgets.



Islam: Islam is the most widely practiced religion in Albania. The majority of Muslims in Albania practice Sunni Islam, although there is a smaller community of Bektashi Muslims. Known for its tradition of religious tolerance, Albania is also home to a variety of religious movements, including Islam, which is often practiced moderately and incorporates many traditions from Albanian folklore.

Christianity: Christianity also has a long history in Albania, although a smaller proportion of the population adheres to this faith. The majority of Christians in Albania are Orthodox Christians, who are mainly concentrated in the north of the country. In addition, there are also Catholic Christians.

Religious Tolerance:

Albania is known for its religious tolerance and its efforts for co-existence between different religions. This is evident in the fact that the country has mosques, churches and synagogues that coexist in relative harmony.

Significant Places and Holidays:

There are significant religious sites in Albania, including mosques, churches and monasteries. Most holidays in Albania are associated with religious events and are celebrated according to the Islamic or Christian calendar.

Religious freedom: Albania's constitution guarantees religious freedom, and citizens have the right to choose and practice their religion without discrimination.

People in Albania are generally tolerant and open to different religions, and you should show the same respect and reverence for their beliefs and traditions.